Practical Quantum Computing for Developers: Programming Quantum Rigs in the Cloud using Python, Quantum Assembly Language and IBM QExperience
By 作者: Vladimir Silva
ISBN-10 书号: 1484242173
ISBN-13 书号: 9781484242179
Edition 版本: 1st ed.
Release Finelybook 出版日期: 2018-12-13
pages 页数: (364 )
Write algorithms and program in the new field of quantum computing. This book covers major topics such as the physical components of a quantum computer: qubits, entanglement, logic gates, circuits, and how they differ from a traditional computer. Also, Practical Quantum Computing for Developers discusses quantum computing in the cloud using IBM Q Experience including: the composer, quantum scores, experiments, circuits, simulators, real quantum devices, and more. You’ll be able to run experiments in the cloud on a real quantum device.
Furthermore, this book shows you how to do quantum programming using the QISKit (Quantum Information Software Kit), Python SDK, and other APIs such as QASM (Quantum Assembly). You’ll learn to write code using these languages and execute it against simulators (local or remote) or a real quantum computer provided by IBM’s Q Experience. Finally, you’ll learn the current quantum algorithms for entanglement, random number generation, linear search, integer factorization, and others. You’ll peak inside the inner workings of the Bell states for entanglement, Grover’s algorithm for linear search, Shor’s algorithm for integer factorization, and other algorithms in the fields of optimization, and more.
Along the way you’ll also cover game theory with the Magic Square, an example of quantum pseudo-telepathy where parties sharing entangled states can be observed to have some kind of communication between them. In this game Alice and Bob play against a referee. Quantum mechanics allows Alice and Bob to always win!
By the end of this book, you will understand how this emerging technology provides massive parallelism and significant computational speedups over classical computers, and will be prepared to program quantum computers which are expected to replace traditional computers in the data center.
What You Will Learn
Use the Q Experience Composer, the first-of-its-kind web console to create visual programs/experiments and submit them to a quantum simulator or real device on the cloud
Run programs remotely using the Q Experience REST API
Write algorithms that provide superior performance over their classical counterparts
Build a Node.js REST client for authenticating, listing remote devices, querying information about quantum processors, and listing or running experiments remotely in the cloud
Create a quantum number generator: The quintessential coin flip with a quantum twist
Discover quantum teleportation: This algorithm demonstrates how the exact state of a qubit (quantum information) can be transmitted from one location to another, with the help of classical communication and quantum entanglement between the sender and receiver
Peek into single qubit operations with the classic game of Battleships with a quantum twist
Handle the counterfeit coin problem: a classic puzzle that consists of finding a counterfeit coin in a beam balance among eight coins in only two turns
1. The Bizarre and Awesome World of Quantum Mechanics
2. Quantum Computing: Bending the Fabric of Reality Itself
3. Enter the IBM Q Experience:A One-of-a-Kind Platform for Quantum Computing in the Cloud
4. QlSKit, Awesome SDK for Quantum Programming in Python
5. Start Your Engines: From Quantum Random Numbers to Teleportation, Pit Stop at Super Dense Coding
6. Fun with Quantum Games
7. Game Theory: With Quantum Mechanics, Odds Are Always in Your Favor
8. Faster Search plus Threatening the Foundation of Asymmetric Cryptography with Grover and Shor