Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science

Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science (Springer Handbooks)

Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science (Springer Handbooks)

ISBN-10 书号: 3319305255
ISBN-13 书号: 9783319305257
Edition 版本: 1st ed. 2017
Release Finelybook 出版日期: 2017-07-13
Pages 页数: 1179

This handbook offers the first comprehensive reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning. It highlights the role of models as mediators between theory and experimentation, and as educational devices, as well as their relevance in testing hypotheses and explanatory functions. The Springer Handbook merges philosophical, cognitive and epistemological perspectives on models with the more practical needs related to the application of this tool across various disciplines and practices. The result is a unique, reliable source of information that guides readers toward an understanding of different aspects of model-based science, such as the theoretical and cognitive nature of models, as well as their practical and logical aspects. The inferential role of models in hypothetical reasoning, abduction and creativity once they are constructed, adopted, and manipulated for different scientific and technological purposes is also discussed. Written by a group of internationally renowned experts in philosophy, the history of science, general epistemology, mathematics, cognitive and computer science, physics and life sciences, as well as engineering, architecture, and economics, this Handbook uses numerous diagrams, schemes and other visual representations to promote a better understanding of the concepts. This also makes it highly accessible to an audience of scholars and students with different scientific backgrounds. All in all, the Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science represents the definitive application-oriented reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning.

Contents


Part A Theoretical Issues in Models
Chapter 1 The Ontology Of Models
Chapter 2 Models And Theories
Chapter 3 Models And Representation
Chapter 4 Models And Explanation
Chapter 5 Models And Simulations
Part B Theoretical and Cognitive Issues on Abduction and Scientific Inference
Chapter 6 Reorienting The Logic Of Abduction
Chapter 7 Patterns Of Abductive Inference
Chapter 8 Forms Of Abduction And An Inferential Taxonomy
Chapter 9 Magnani’S Manipulative Abduction
Part C The Logic of Hypothetical Reasoning, Abduction, and Models
Chapter 10 The Logic Of Abduction: An Introduction
Chapter 11 Qualitative Inductive Generalization And Confirmation
Chapter 12 Modeling Hypothetical Reasoning By Formal Logics
Chapter 13 Abductive Reasoning In Dynamic Epistemic Logic
Chapter 14 Argumentation And Abduction In Dialogical Logic
Chapter 15 Formal (In)Consistency, Abduction And Modalities
Part D Model-Based Reasoning in Science and the History of Science
Chapter 16 Metaphor And Model-Based Reasoning In Mathematical Physics
Chapter 17 Nancy Nersessian’S Cognitive-Historical Approach
Chapter 18 Physically Similar Systems – A History Of The Concept
Chapter 19 Hypothetical Models In Social Science
Chapter 20 Model-Based Diagnosis
Chapter 21 Thought Experiments In Model-Based Reasoning
Part E Models in Mathematics
Chapter 22 Diagrammatic Reasoning In Mathematics
Chapter 23 Deduction, Diagrams And Model-Based Reasoning
Chapter 24 Model-Based Reasoning In Mathematical Practice
Chapter 25 Abduction And The Emergence Of Necessary Mathematical Knowledge
Part F Model-Based Reasoning in Cognitive Science
Chapter 26 Vision, Thinking, And Model-Based Inferences
Chapter 27 Diagrammatic Reasoning
Chapter 28 Embodied Mental Imagery In Cognitive Robots
Chapter 29 Dynamical Models Of Cognition
Chapter 30 Complex Versus Complicated Models Of Cognition
Chapter 31 From Neural Circuitry To Mechanistic Model-Based Reasoning
Part G Modelling and Computational Issues
Chapter 32 Computational Aspects Of Model-Based Reasoning
Chapter 33 Computational Scientific Discovery
Chapter 34 Computer Simulations And Computational Models In Science
Chapter 35 Simulation Of Complex Systems
Chapter 36 Models And Experiments In Robotics
Chapter 37 Biorobotics
Part H Models in Physics, Chemistry and Life Sciences
Chapter 38 Comparing Symmetries In Models And Simulations
Chapter 39 Experimentation On Analogue Models
Chapter 40 Models Of Chemical Structure
Chapter 41 Models In Geosciences
Chapter 42 Models In The Biological Sciences
Chapter 43 Models And Mechanisms In Cognitive Science
Chapter 44 Model-Based Reasoning In The Social Sciences
Part I Models in Engineering, Architecture, and Economical and Human Sciences
Chapter 45 Models In Architectural Design
Chapter 46 Representational And Experimental Modeling In Archaeology
Chapter 47 Models And Ideology In Design
Chapter 48 Restructuring Incomplete Models In Innovators Marketplace On Data Jackets
Chapter 49 Models In Pedagogy And Education
Chapter 50 Model-Based Reasoning In Crime Prevention
Chapter 51 Modeling In The Macroeconomics Of Financial Markets
Chapter 52 Application Of Models From Social Science To Social Policy
Chapter 53 Models And Moral Deliberation
本手册提供了基于模型推理的跨学科领域的第一个综合参考指南。它突出了模型作为理论与实验之间的调解者的作用,以及作为教育设备的作用,以及它们在测试假设和解释性功能方面的相关性。 Springer手册将哲学,认知和认识论观点与模型结合起来,具有与各种学科和实践中应用此工具相关的更实际的需求。结果是一个独特可靠的信息来源,引导读者了解基于模型的科学的不同方面,例如模型的理论和认知本质以及它们的实践和逻辑方面。还讨论了模型在构建,采用和操纵不同科学技术目的的假设推理,诱拐和创造中的推动作用。本书由国际知名哲学专家,科学史,普遍认识论,数学,认知与计算机科学,物理与生命科学以及工程,建筑和经济学专家组成,本手册使用了许多图表,方案和其他视觉表达来促进对这些概念的更好理解。这也使得学者和具有不同科学背景的学生的观众非常方便。总而言之,Springer“基于模型的科学手册”代表了基于模型推理的跨学科领域的面向应用的参考指南。
目录
第一部分模型的理论问题
第一章模型本体论
第二章模型与理论
第三章模型与表征
第四章模型与解释
第五章模型与模拟
B部分关于绑架和科学推论的理论与认知问题
第6章重新定位绑架的逻辑
第七章诱导推理模式
第八章绑架形式和推理分类法
第9章麦格纳尼的操纵性绑架
C部分假设推理,外展和模型的逻辑
第十章绑架的逻辑:介绍
第11章定性诱导性广义和确认
第12章通过正式逻辑建模假设推理
第13章动态认识逻辑中的归纳推理
第十四章辩证逻辑中的论证与劫持
第十五章正式(一致),绑架和模式
第二部分基于模型的科学推理和科学史
第16章数学物理学中的隐喻和模型推理
第17章南希·奈塞西的认知历史方法
第18章物理相似系统 - 概念的历史
第十九章社会科学中的假设模型
第20章基于模型的诊断
第21章基于模型推理的思想实验
E部分数学模型
第二十二章数学推论
第23章扣除,图表和模型推理
第24章数学实践中的模型推理
第25章绑架和必要的数学知识的出现
认知科学中的F模型推理
第26章愿景,思维和模型推论
第27章图解推理
第28章认知机器人中的心理意象
第29章认知动力学模型
第30章复杂与复杂的认知模型
第31章从神经电路到机制模型推理
G部分建模和计算问题
第32章基于模型推理的计算方法
第三十三章计算科学发现
第34章科学计算机模拟与计算模型
第35章复杂系统仿真
第36章机器人中的模型和实验
第37章Biorobotics
部分H物理,化学和生命科学模型
第38章比较模型中的对称性和模拟
第39章模拟模型实验
第四十章化学结构模型
第41章地球科学模型
第42章生物科学模型
第43章认知科学中的模型和机制
第44章社会科学中的模型推理
第一部分工程,建筑,经济与人文科学模型
第45章建筑设计模型
第46章考古学中的表征与实验建模
第47章设计中的模式与意识形态
第48章重组不完整的模型在创新者市场上的数据夹克
第49章教育学与教育模式
第五十章基于模型的推理预​​防犯罪
金融市场宏观经济学第51章建模
第52章从社会科学到社会政策的模式应用
第53章模型与道德审慎


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